I started to look in to Dyspraxia as a result of a diagnosis that I received as a five year old. They didn’t have the diagnnsis of Dyspraxia back then but instead it was called Minimal Brain Damage. The name was changed to reflect more modern thinking that there is no minimal brain damage.Also as a result of its name children with it didn’t get the level of help that they required in proportion to their disability.
The minimal part of the diagnosis referred to minimal structural damage. So on a scan the structure of the brain looks normal. Just because the brain looks normal doesn’t mean that it is normal. The functioning of the brain can be disrupted even when the structure look normal. My Dyspraxia was brought on by a series of fevers that I had when I was 4 years old that damaged the motor control centers of my brain.
- Dyspraxia is a neurologically based developmental disability which is present from birth
- Dyspraxia is a motor planning disorder, not a muscular deficit. A child knows what they want their body to do but can’t get their body to do it.
- There are three (3) types of Developmental Dyspraxia – Oral, Verbal and Motor.
- A child with Dyspraxia can have one or a combination of all three types of Dyspraxia and in varying degrees of severity
- Dyspraxia is a hidden handicap. Children with this disability appear the same as any other child. It is only when a skill is performed that the disability is noticeable.
- Dyspraxia is believed to be an immaturity of parts of the motor cortex (area of the brain) that prevents messages from being properly transmitted to the body.
- Dyspraxia affects up to 10% of the population with approximately 70% of those affected being boys.
- Dyspraxia does not impact on intelligence, children with Dyspraxia have average or above average intelligence
- Dyspraxia can impact on behaviour and social skills
- Dyspraxia is a specific learning disability
Motor Dyspraxia is a difficulty in planning, sequencing and then executing the correct movement to perform age appropriate skills in a smooth and coordinated manner at will or on command.
Children with Motor Dyspraxia may have difficulty with:
- Learning a new skill
- Coordinated movement
- Consistent performance
- Age appropriate skills
- Generalising learnt skills
- Timing and rhythm
- Learning rules
- Responding quickly
- Spatial organisation
- Problem solving
- Using appropriate cues
- Analysing what is needed for task performance
- Preparing for the next stage in task performance